Global sodium chlorite for metal surface treatment market is expected to display rapid growth in forthcoming years. Sodium chlorite is a salt-based chemical that also features element chlorine. The practical uses of sodium chlorite are many and are very similar to sodium chlorate, a common food additive. While small quantities of sodium chlorite are not harmful, large quantities can be dangerous.
Sodium chlorite is an erstwhile generator of chlorine dioxide which by its selective reactivity makes it indispensable in most of air and water applications. An experiment towards this effect had been done by adding chlorine dioxide in Niagara Falls NY water treatment plant to contain odor and taste of water and which proved to be successful. It demonstrated that Carbon dioxide was more effective than chlorine in destroying algae, sulfides, phenols, irons and manganese.
This brought to the fore commercialization of chlorine dioxide for its many applications in water and wastewater. To its advantage, it is inferred that sodium chlorite is not considered a volatile organic compound (VOC) and is not a hazardous substance; hence its importance as an oxidation agent over simple chlorine is not to be understated, behaving as an important driving factor for sodium chlorite for metal surface treatment market.
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Undesirable sulfide intrinsic gases and waste products are generated during petroleum refining, coal coking, viscose rayon manufacture and natural gas purification which is treated with chlorine dioxide observed generated from sodium chlorite. Nitrogen dioxides and nitrous oxides are industrial effluents discharged as a result of fuel consumption and when nitrogen compounds are used as catalysts in chemical operations. Sodium Chlorite or chlorine dioxide is used to clean these contaminants. Nitric oxide discharges from coke kilns and is thus cleaned by a process of oxidation.
Similarly cyanide compounds originate from metal plating, steel case hardening, pickle liquor neutralizing and gold and silver ore refining which are oxidized to cyanate or carbon dioxide and nitrogen, all being less poisonous in nature. Phenols are yet another undesirable component of water treatment and must be avoided at all costs. Phenols are witnessed in chemical, plastics, coke and petroleum refining industries. If oxidized with chlorine, highly poisonous chlorophenols are formed. Hence here too, sodium chlorite is the obvious choice thus adding to growth of sodium chlorite in metal surface treatment application.
These chlorophenols give rise to taste and odor problems in drinking water. Segmentation of sodium chlorite for metal surface treatment market by application outlook includes disinfectant, antimicrobial agent, bleaching agent and others. By end-use, segmentation of sodium chlorite for metal surface treatment includes water- treatment, paper, textile, medical and others. By geographical region, segmentation of sodium chlorite for metal surface treatment includes North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, MEA, and Latin America. The key players in sodium chlorite for metal surface treatment market include Oxychem, DuPont, Shree Chlorates, Ercros and American Elements.
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